The Essential Role of Omega-3s in Fertility, Pregnancy, and Postpartum: Enhancing Egg Quality and Beyond


Further Reading

Further Reading

1. Carlson, S. E., Colombo, J., Gajewski, B. J., Gustafson, K. M., Mundy, D., Yeast, J., Georgieff, M. K., Markley, L. A., Kerling, E. H., & Shaddy, D. J. (2013). DHA supplementation and pregnancy outcomes. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 97(4), 808–815.

2. Chowdhury, M. H., Ghosh, S., Kabir, M. R., Mamun, M. A. A., & Islam, M. S. (2022). Effect of supplementary omega-3 fatty acids on pregnant women with complications and pregnancy outcomes: A review from literature. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 35(13), 2564-2580.

3. Grajecki, D., Zyriax, B. C., & Buhling, K. J. (2012). The effect of micronutrient supplements on female fertility: A systematic review. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 285(5), 1463-1471.

4. Jorgensen, M. H., Hedley, P. L., Gjedsted, J., & Agger, A. O. (2013). Long-chain n-3 fatty acids and perinatal depression: A review of the evidence and a case study. Pediatrics, 131(Supplement 1), S165-S169.

5. Judge, M. P., Harel, O., & Lammi-Keefe, C. J. (2007). Maternal consumption of a docosahexaenoic acid-containing functional food during pregnancy: Benefit for infant performance on problem-solving but not on recognition memory tasks at age 9 mo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 85(6), 1572-1577.

6. Kar, S., Wong, M., Rogozinska, E., & Thangaratinam, S. (2016). Effects of omega-3 fatty acids in prevention of early preterm delivery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized studies. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 198, 40–46.

7. Middleton, P., Gomersall, J. C., Gould, J. F., Shepherd, E., Olsen, S. F., & Makrides, M. (2018). Omega-3 fatty acid addition during pregnancy. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 11(11), CD003402.

8. Mun, J. G., Legette, L. L., Ikonte, C. J., & Mitmesser, S. H. (2019). Choline and DHA in maternal and infant nutrition: Synergistic implications in brain and eye health. Nutrients, 11(5).

9. Nehra, D., Le, H. D., Fallon, E. M., Carlson, S. J., Woods, D., White, Y. A., ... & Bistrian, B. R. (2012). Prolonging the female reproductive lifespan and improving egg quality with dietary omega-3 fatty acids. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 97(12), 4489-4497.

10. Petersen, J. M., Parker, S. E., Crider, K. S., Tinker, S. C., Mitchell, A. A., & Werler, M. M. (2019). One-Carbon Cofactor Intake and Risk of Neural Tube Defects Among Women Who Meet Folic Acid Recommendations: A Multicenter Case-Control Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 188(6), 1136-1143.

11. Robbins, W. A., Xun, L., FitzGerald, L. Z., Esguerra, S., Henning, S. M., & Carpenter, C. L. (2012). Walnuts improve semen quality in men consuming a Western-style diet: Randomized control dietary intervention trial. Biology of Reproduction, 87(4).

12. Safarinejad, M. R. (2011). Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on semen profile in hypercholesterolemic males: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Lipid Research, 52(3), 557-567.

13. Salas-Huetos, A., Rosique-Esteban, N., Becerra-Tomás, N., Vizmanos, B., Bulló, M., & Salas-Salvadó, J. (2018). The Effect of Nutrients and Dietary Supplements on Sperm Quality Parameters: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Advances in Nutrition, 9(6), 833-848.